| Costs |
Charrette Guide | Sample
Community Guide to Conducting
a Successful Charrette
Walkable Communities, Inc., is pleased to provide
this guide for 5-day charrettes to assist your community in creating
visions or plans. Charrettes can be planned for any length of time,
from one day to two weeks. More complex and significant projects
require at least 5-day programs to bring the strong, positive outcomes
expected. The Walkable Communities, Inc. consultant staff will work
with your local community leaders staff to create strong, common
visions that will be useful in developing corridors, village centers,
or community plans. This guide includes the following sections:
Introduction, Charrette Participants, Suggested Schedule, Scope
of Services, Budget, Other Services and the principle Walkable Communities
charrette team members.
Part One - Introduction
What is a Charrette? A charrette-style workshop is
a visually engaging, interactive, and collaborative series
of public workshops, focus groups, field condition inventories
and design sessions. It offers opportunities for friendly,
informal discourse and debate among community citizens, and
the process achieves workable visions and solutions for specific
neighborhoods or a whole community. Town building charrettes
require a minimum of five days. Preferably they include seven
days of work product development. Shorter length charrettes
may be used for easily addressed issues.
Charrettes Build Ongoing Support for Community Development.
A further intent of the charrette-style workshop process is
the development of a cadre of citizens and business leaders who
learn ways of supporting long-term town building. A sense of ownership
in neighborhood and town development evolves from most charrettes.
Charrette Products. Charrettes can be used for anything
from reaching consensus on long-term visions for town development,
to finding workable agreements on single projects. Charrettes identify
short-term and long-term problems and issues, that are important
to residents and business leaders. Charrettes also identify opportunities
and needs. They turn town planning from a reactive to a pro-active
process. Charrettes build both immediate and long-term solutions.
Participants usually require an immediate result. Short-term steps
are outlined as part of the work product. Implementation strategies
are also suggested. Policies and principles are established for
future decision making and town development. For charrettes to be
successful, everyone taking part must be active and listen to the
concerns and issues of others. The community, as a whole, comes
first. Project recommendations must be based on seeking outcomes
that improve conditions for the greatest number of people and provide
for the long-term health of the community.
Some short-term losses or inconveniences by individuals must be
anticipated, if long-term growth and development is to occur. The
charrette process combined with other, local, follow-up actions
will lead to more successful decisions and a healthier community.
Principles Applied To Decision Making. Walkable Communities,
Inc. offers technical aid and process assistance to create a common
community vision. Such a vision should help resolve key land preservation,
community development, economic health and transportation systems
management issues. The outside assistance will work best if a broad
group of people and interest groups take part. Each group and individual
must agree to work together to reach a workable, collaborative and
meaningful community vision.
In summary, here are some essential principles on how to proceed:
(1) All visions are based on 20-year, future outcomes.
(2) Vision comes before planning.
(3) All groups need to be part of the visioning process.
(4) All citizens and residents will be impacted by these decisions.
(5) Pro-active planning needs to take place before anything is built.
(6) Reactive planning is futile and leads to muddled, senseless
places and unhappy people.
(7) Every business and every citizen of every age and ability is
considered in the outcome.
Organizing the Childrens Charrette. A number of charrette
activities tap into the unique abilities of children. Walkable Communities
teams like to include children, because they are the ones who will
benefit most from successful charrettes and community visions. Children
have insights that adults often lack, and their visions and summary
reports and to the adults sometimes help consensus building on issues
that can be mired in self-interest. You will need to make arrangements
(time and place) for activities with the towns children. Here
are some suggested activities and steps.
- Third or Fourth Grade Classroom Activity - Please make arrangements
in advance for two of our team members to meet with children for
a 40-50 minute activity. A classroom setting is ideal. The teacher
should be present. We will be asking the children how they got
to school that day, asking them why walking and bicycling are
important to them, and asking them what could done to make walking
better in their town. We will also ask the children to take paper
and markers (or crayons) and draw maps from their homes to school.
We discuss the results of this brief session at the end of the
- Eighth Grade Classroom Activity - Please make arrangements in
advance for two of our team members to meet with children for
a 40-60 minute activity. We will need to organize the class into
groups at tables with 4-6 students per table. Large 1:100 scale
maps of town, tracing paper and marking pens are needed. We will
ask students to give us their advice on where parks, trails, stores,
and new public buildings and facilities should be located and
to summarize their ideas on map overlays of town.
- Childrens Mini-Charrette - Please arrange through several
local churches, parks and recreation or other community programs
to recruit 15-25 children that can work on more extensive town
development projects. Children will be interviewed, assigned to
small work groups according to age. They will help map the town
of their dreams. The children will present their findings to the
adults on the evening of day five of the charrette. We will need
to recruit one or more adults who work with Parks and Recreation
or church groups to be present to assist with the program. One
or two of our staff will oversee this mini-charrette.
Part II Charrette Participants and Suggested
Recommended Participants. The sponsoring community must
do most of the lead work and most or all of the follow-up work to
a charrette. The charrette staff, like doctors, are there to identify
symptoms and opportunities. Experience has shown that knowledge
of local conditions and needs and the spirit and passion to create
better communities, already exist in the towns that we assist. Our
role, as facilitators, is to tap into the wealth of local knowledge,
to remind people that they know best what to do, and to give them
the courage to move forward. Successful charrette plans or visions
require a "buy-in" from all players in the community.
Here are some suggested interest groups to include and involve.
- Community Development
- Economic Development
- Parks & Recreation
- Transportation and Transportation Services
- Emergency Responders
- School Administrators
- Church Leaders and Social Workers
- Children and Teenagers Neighborhood and Political Leaders
We urge communities to invite additional local talent.
Local Design Team Volunteers. We urge local citizens to
join the team. These people must have talent and time and be willing
to work on products such as renderings, drawings and sketches to
help create community vision. If you have other consultants, such
as transportation or environmental engineers, planners or development
staff, who you wish to be trained or gain experience from the input
of citizens and work groups, they are welcome to join the charrette
design team as volunteers. With past charrettes we have found the
people from the following professions willing to contribute time
to the charrette process:
- Civil and Transportation Engineers
- Landscape Architects
- Neighborhood and Business Leaders
- Environmental Scientists
- Computer Graphic Specialists
Common Charrette Participants. This list is not exhaustive.
Please add to it and attempt to get the broadest representation
of folks to take part in one or more sessions:
- Town/City/County Staff
- Local Merchants/and or Chamber of Commerce
- Downtown Merchants' Associations
- Other Business Leaders Manufacturers, Distributors, Other
- Neighborhood Associations
- Economic Development Groups
- Conservation & Environmental Organizations
- School & Youth Organizations
- Bicycle, Walking, Other Outdoor Organizations
- Health & Fitness Organizations
- Civic & Garden Clubs
- City Council & County Commissioners
- Planning Commissioners
- Emergency Responders
- Church Leaders and Social Workers
- Groups representing people with disabilities
- Neighborhood Leaders
- Regional Transportation Representatives (including area
In some cases prominent leaders or staff from nearby communities,
who need to working with your community on regional issues, can
benefit from participation in the charrette. This benefit is especially
true on key economic and transportation issues. Be sure to invite
those people you feel you will want to work with most in the future.
Note: Would the community like us to make presentations to local
civic clubs during our stay? We could ask for problem identification
from these groups and possibly distribute a survey form at these
meetings. If you are interested, please schedule presentations.
Proposed Schedule of Activities
This schedule will be modified, based on your needs. Please make
changes and publish widely for the greatest level of participation.
Arrival of out-of-state team from noon to 6:00 p.m. at airport,
share a rental car and drive to lodging
||Team Organizational Meeting
||First Focus Group Meeting with community staff
and political leaders
First 45 minutes: Common Session & general
discussion on desired outcomes of charrette
Second 60 minutes: Breakouts for Individual Topics
Group One: Community and Economic Development
Group Two: Transportation
Third 60 minutes: Breakouts for Individual Topics
Group One: Downtown Development
Group Two: Neighborhood Development
||Lunch with Chamber of Commerce or business leaders
(can be box lunches, or deli platter)
||Second Focus Group Meeting with emergency responders,
police, sheriff staff, fire & ambulance personnel
||Third Focus Group Meeting with Schools: school
administrators, school transportation director, PTA/PTO organizations,
school board, safe kids coalition, local safety council.
||Focus Group Session with Local Retailers
|| Preparation for Evening Workshop
||Evening Workshop - Local Sponsor provides refreshments
||Field Trip (please arrange bus transportation
for number you anticipate participating)
||Technical Briefing and Brainstorming for Community
||Box Lunch, catered for team only. Set up design
work tables - requires a table for each group of eight (generally
30-90 citizens take part in this design session). Assign design
team facilitators and coordinate work
||Table Design Workshops for community
||Childrens Charrette for community design
||Presentations to entire group
|5:00 - 5:30 pm
||Briefing with community staff
||Consultant Team Briefing
||Consultant Design Team works on report of findings
||Consultant Team Briefing
||Design Team continues work with staff and other
||Design Team continues work to complete report
||Final Charrette Presentation with community response
and fine tuning. Local Sponsor to provide refreshments
||Debriefing with community staff
|End of Charrette
Part III Scope of Services, Budget, Other Services
Scope of Services. Walkable Communities will provide the
following services and work products. All work will be completed
during the charrette. Follow-up work is available at added cost.
The following six elements will be included in the quoted price.
Focus Group Sessions. Walkable Communities, Inc. will conduct
4-8 focus group sessions (60-90 minutes each). Please see the agenda
and consider adding any of these groups as representatives:
- Retail Representatives, one or two geographic areas
- Elected Leaders (city council, planning commission)
- Community Staff
- Neighborhood Leaders
- Emergency Responders
- School Administration
- Council of Churches, other social services
- Environmental Groups
2. Visual Preference Survey. The Walkable Communities, Inc.
team will create, score and print a visual preference survey to
set a working image for basic community building blocks. Participants
will be asked to score 10-18 elements that will help develop a town
code. Residents will have an opportunity to score key images during
the work sessions or informally at the library during the week.
Children will also be asked to score their preferences. Based on
community interest, further focus group visioning sessions will
be held. Four to six options per topic will be included. At least
50% of images will be from the Pacific Northwest, with many images
from towns of similar size and scale.
Key Elements for Scoring include:
- Single Family Neighborhoods, housing types and densities
- Multi-Family Neighborhoods, housing types and densities
- Downtown Commercial (town center)
- Building types (general commercial)
- Building types (mixed use, residential)
- Building types (big box, other franchise)
- Entertainment District buildings
- Parking Lots and parking garages for town center
- Building setbacks for commercial and residential
- Village style or plaza commercial
- Parks, open spaces, trails (size, location)
- Sidewalks, setbacks, nature strips
- Signage, highway beautification projects
- Streetscapes, neighborhood size, scale, length of blocks
- Streetscapes, principle highways
- Hotel/motel, bed & breakfast, other lodging
3. Open Community Forum. Provide open forum on day one,
continued on day two.
- 90 minute visioning session
- 30-45 minute brainstorming
- What will community be in 2020? (Vision Statement Exercise)
- Other activities (visual preference survey)
Design Workshop. Provide design workshop (day two).
- Facilitated group discussions and report by each group
- Workshop will be videotaped
- Hands-on design of town by local residents and citizens
- Placement of town center, prominent buildings, commercial districts,
parks and open space, streets, and neighborhoods
Community Development Training. Walkable Communities, Inc.
will provide 3-6 training sessions (one or two topics per evening;
concurrent sessions possible). These training courses are important
implementation steps. Ownership of the results of the charrette
will be enhanced through training sessions. We will add these topics
if you schedule the training.
- Transportation Systems, Street Guidelines
- Land Use, Sustainable Development (residential)
- Land Use, Sustainable Development (commercial)
- Childrens Involvement
- Citizen Planning
- Town Planning, Civic Buildings
- Town Planning, Implementation
Staff and Elected Leader Briefings. In order to assure coordination
and success of the charrette, the principal facilitator, or his
assistant, will provide staff and elected leadership briefing sessions:
- At start of charrette
- Before final presentation
- Follow-up meeting at end of charrette
Work Products to be Delivered at End of Charrette.
In addition to the above activities the following will be provided:
- Printed Visual Preference Survey (8-20 pages)
- Printed Visual Statement and Report (20-40 pages)
- Outline of Street Development Guidelines (10-15 pages)
- Outline of Transportation System (conceptual) (5-10 pages)Outline
of Community Vision (conceptual) 5-15 illustrations and renderings,
- Videotape of community design table presentations
- Videos of other key meetings
Any other services, such as follow-up writing of town code, or
other assistance must be arranged for additional fees. This arrangement
for added services can be made at any time.
Services, Facilities and Products to be Provided by Community:
- Building for community involvement workshops with 125-200 seats
in one room. This room needs to be fully darkened for presentations
(i.e. Armory, large assembly hall, church, high school, etc.)
- 2 Kodak Carousel Projectors with zoom lenses, spare bulbs
- 2 six foot projection screens, or large blank white wall
- 2 extension cords with multiple outlets
- Staff person or fully dedicated local volunteer to serve as a
contact for local coordination. This will include 40-80 hours of
work before, during and after the charrette- 10-20 standard size
work tables to seat 8 people
- Chairs for all participants
- Community staff handles all marketing (samples to be sent by
Walkable Communities, Inc.)
- Community supplies any historic photos or illustrations, if available
- Community assembles briefing packets that includes maps, ADTs,
land use, county and state codes, copy of growth management act,
and other appropriate background literature (2 weeks before charrette)
(5 copies) Please mail direct to our staff (see addresses below)
- Community obtains any aerial photos to cover region (1:100 scale
- Community obtains other working documents of intersections, sample
developments (current and proposed)
- Community to provide an assistant to perform tasks that assist
the team, such as running film to the nearest E-6 processor, securing
local information, setting up for the events, etc.
- Community provides a quality scanned image of the greater town
area aerial photo that is saved in a ".tif" file format.
- Community provides any other graphics, such as town seal, that
they would like imbedded in the final working document
- Community specifies the format of the word program needed for
final products. Unless otherwise specified, all work products will
be in Microsoft WORD 97, PageMaker 6.5, Photoshop 4.0, or Lotus
Freelance programs. Walkable Communities, Inc. will provide slides,
print and electronic formats for all final work products.
- A studio to conduct work and safely store equipment (12x
20 or larger). This space can be several rooms. Work-space
is needed for a minimum of 8 people working at a variety of tables.
- Copy machine (enlarge and reduce drawings)*
- Fax machine
- Printer (Laser quality)
- PC Computers (2 or more)
- Paper, supplies for above
- Plotter is desirable, but not essential
***Please make suggestions for convenient motels or other area
Optional Services. Consultant staff and area volunteers
are also available for follow-up work to develop additional products.
These elements can be added through discussions with consultant
staff and volunteers before and after the charrette. All work is
highly customized. In addition to the above basic services, the
following items can be contracted:
- Land Use Planning Code Recommendations ($720 per day)
- Additional renderings ($450 per day)
- CAD services or other engineering drawings ($450 per day)
- Follow-up key street engineering guidelines (site specific, conceptual)
($720 per day)
- Future training courses ($1,000 per day, plus expenses)
Compensation for Services. Compensation for our principal
staff members is $1,000 - $1,200 per day per person PLUS expenses.
This rate assumes a guarantee of five days of work per staff member.
Optional staff can be provided.
We also request a $3,000 expense budget to pay direct costs for
associated charrette activities and assembling the vision plan.
These costs include shipping workshop supplies, mailing, extensive
color printing, mounting materials, graphics materials, and related
materials and services.
|3 professionals x 5 days @ $1,000/day
|| = $15,000
|Direct travel costs for above team (estimated)
||= $ 2,800
|Costs for optional or volunteer teams (rooms,
meals, travel; estimated)
||= $ 3,000
|Direct expenses for preparation, shipping, photos,
phone, color copies,
materials, supplies, printing of 8 document copies (estimated)
|= $ 3,000
|Total for all of the above basic services
*Note: Charrettes can be organized with one or more Walkable
Communities staff, and for any length of time to accommodate your
specific needs and budget constraints.
Part IV Charrette Team Members
To help establish a workable plan, Walkable Communities, Inc.
will provide three nationally-known specialists to conduct the charrette:
This team includes a town planner (Ramon Trias), transportation
engineer (Michael, Wallwork, P.E.) and a principle facilitator,
photographer and planner (Dan Burden). Copies of their CVs/resumes
As a special, low-cost feature for your charrette, Walkable
Communities, Inc. is able to provide three professional volunteers,
who have extensive regional background. They will contribute knowledge
and experience in effective place making in keeping with the unique
qualities of Pacific Northwest. The names and backgrounds of these
experienced professionals is added to our consultant team list.
Background of Charrette Team Members
Dan Burden -- Team Leader, Principal Facilitator
Dan Burden is the Director of Walkable Communities, Inc. During
the past 25 years, Dan has assembled staff and collaborative teams
to create better places to live, work and play. Dan is a former
National Geographic photographer, and he once led a bicycling expedition
from Alaska to Argentina. Later Dan founded Bikecentennial and,
along with his wife, Lys, and thirty others, worked with 90 governmental
agencies to develop the longest recreation trail in the world -
The 4,300 mile-long TransAmerica Bicycle Trail. In 1997 Dan worked
to create the Bicycle Federation of America and served as its director
for its first two years of operation. For the next sixteen years
Dan served as the Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinator for the Florida
Department of Transportation. During this time Dan became interested
in charrettes as a means to create more livable communities. Dan
has studied under America's best charrette team leaders, and for
the past two years he has conducted or contributed to the success
of over fourteen charrettes. Recent charrettes include two for the
Grand Canyon National Park (North and South Rims); Las Vegas, Nevada
(Strip and two other Las Vegas corridors); Austin, Texas (three
corridors); University Place, Bellingham, Colville, Mercer Island,
Lacey, Ballard (neighborhood in Seattle) and Bellevue, Washington;
Key Largo, Gainesville, West Palm Beach, and Ft. Pierce, Florida;
and Boulder, Colorado. Dan recently managed team development of
new planning and engineering standards for New Traditional Neighborhood
Streets. Dan will serve as the principal facilitator, photographer
and key writer for the charrette.
Michael Wallwork, P. E - Principal Engineer
Michael Wallwork, P. E., served as a traffic engineer for the
central and downtown portions of Melbourne, Australia. In that position
he managed design, maintenance, and operations for all modes of
transportation for thirteen years, before migrating to the U.S.
While in Melbourne, Michael was part of a team that modernized traffic
calming, access management, and other traffic management practices.
Melbourne is now rated by many as the most livable city in the world.
Since Michael migrated to the U.S. in the mid-80's, he has worked
for the South Carolina and Florida Department's of Transportation.
For the past three years Michael has worked as a consultant for
the Jacksonville, Florida, based Genesis Group. Michael joins this
charrette team as the lead transportation specialist. He brings
experience of serving as lead transportation specialist for a dozen
charrettes including ones in West Palm Beach and Tallahassee, Florida;
Jackson, Mississippi; Montpelier, Vermont; Austin, Texas; Lacey
and University Place, Washington. Michael also has taught traffic
calming and roundabout design in many states, including Maryland,
Vermont, Florida, Alaska and Oregon. Michael will serve as the transportation
systems specialist for the charrette.
Ramon Trias -- Principal Town Planner
Ramon Trias was born and raised in Barcelona, Spain. At the
age of thirteen, Ramon fell in love with cities and decided to spend
his life learning how to design and create better places for people
to live. Ramon moved to the United States and was trained as an
architect at the University of Miami. He continued his graduate
studies there, taking Town Planning courses under the tutelage of
Andres Duany and Elizabeth Platter Zyberk. This husband-wife team
is credited for renewing the movement toward building communities
with traditional urban design. They have guided the planning of
many towns, including Seaside, Florida. Ramon worked for six years
at the Treasure Coast Regional Planning Commission, which has been
noted for using the charrette process to help transform many of
Florida's towns into successful economic centers and livable communities.
Ramon is credited for having improved and polished the charrette
process, making it more interactive and relevant to town development.
Towns using Ramons improved charrette process include: Boca
Raton, West Palm Beach, Lake Worth, Del Ray Beach and Fort Pierce,
Florida. Ramon now serves as the Community Development Director
for Fort Pierce. Ramon has orchestrated five charrettes for Fort
Pierce. He is helping redevelop one neighborhood at a time. Ramon
has worked on other charrettes with Walkable Communities, including
ones in Austin, Texas, and Lacey, Washington. Ramon will serve community
as the principal town planner.
Additional Charrette Staff - Optional
Sue Newberry - Charrette Manager
Sue works for the Office of Traffic Safety for Nevada Department
of Transportation. In this position, she has helped create and oversee
many traffic safety programs. Sue is the chair-person of the Pedestrian
Subcommittee for the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
Sue organized a Las Vegas Charrette in 1996, which is now a modern
template for transportation-driven charrettes. Sue has also worked
on the Grand Canyon North Rim Charrette, to help develop a new greenway
system for the park. Sue worked with our staff on the Lacey, Washington,
Downtown Development Charrette. Sue has extensive background in
traffic safety, pedestrian and bicycle planning, and project management.
Sue will co-lead the childrens design charrette, assist with
the visual preference survey, and help with the charrette organization
Barbara Gray - Document and Video Production Manager
Barbara is a consultant in transportation engineering who managed
Seattles nationally known "Making Streets That Work"
workbook and video, as well as managing the "City Among the
Trees" video workbook and educators guide. Barbara has
also helped work on the following Neighborhood Plans: First Hill,
East Sumner, and North Duwamish. She also has worked on the City
of Woodinville Sign Code Compliance Program, Greenwood Traffic Calming
and Pedestrian Plan, and the New Major League Stadium EIS. Barbara
earned a M.S. degree in Urban Planning, University of Washington.
Barbara will be a leader for the childrens charrette, help
conduct focus group sessions, and assist with visioning, writing